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SUSTAINABLE CONCEPT AND APPROACH IN IMPROVEMENT OF LIVES FOR SLUM DWELLERS: SURABAYA’S PRACTICES


Purwanita Setijanti
Department of Architecture, Institute of Technology Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia
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ABSTRACT

Cities grow to accommodate people and their proliferating activities; the more activities there are the more space is needed and it is increasingly difficult to meet this increasing demand for space.  Sometimes a place has to be competed for, especially when space for living is confronted by other activities that are commercially more ‘valuable’, and whose proponents can pay a higher price. In such cases the low-income settlements, and especially those in the inner city, seem to be the most vulnerable. This circumstance seems to add more troubles to the provision of low-income housing.

To obtain a clear description of the housing problem for the low-income group, the aim of this paper is to observe the nature of their settlements, their experiences in finding a place to live and it reviews the practical experience of various institutions in implementing low-income housing assistance programmes and projects in improving the lives of the residents.

It starts with a description of low-income urban settlements, including their nature, with emphasis on the Indonesian context and moves on to review attempts to improve affordability through government policy and development, especially Indonesian housing-policy and development. It then explores a variety of approaches to solving the housing problem, such as clearance and redevelopment, gentrification, urban renewal, relocation and settlement improvement, including infrastructure improvement, housing improvement schemes, and resettlement. The strengths and weaknesses of these approaches are discussed as a basis for setting up a context for particular housing problems, bearing in mind that some of these actions could also create other problems. The last section explores a special approach to improving low-income settlements in Indonesia that has been claimed to have a positive impact on the community, especially to reach sustainable principle.

Keywords: urban settlements, housing program, sustainable