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THE BUGINESE’S INFORMAL SETTLEMENT STRUCTURE IN THE FLOOD SENSITIVE ENVIRONMENT IN THE COASTAL AREA OF TEMPE LAKE OF SOUTH SULAWESI


Naidah Naing*, Happy Santosa**, Ispurwono Soemarno**
*) Doctoral Student, Department of Architecture, Institute of Technology Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia.
**) Department of Architecture, Institute of Technology Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia
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ABSTRACT

Living in the coastal area of Tempe Lake is a living choice of the community of informal sector in their activities as fishermen, farmers or as merchants. Tempe Lake is a cistern lake and as an estuary from many big rivers, and also increasing silts up every year, caused the lake water to overflow and flood its surrounding lands. To anticipate the floods that flooded their settlement’s area for months, the community built their settlements on stilts structure that can be functioned as a safe dwelling place for its occupants.

The goals of the research were to identify the concept of Buginese’s informal settlement structure as a dwelling place in anticipating the flood’s conditions and climate’s changes in the coastal area of the lake, so that the living activities can be going on. The research method used is qualitative ethno architecture approach.

From the research, it is found that in the Buginese’s traditional informal stilts house with the high bottom pole structure (the space underneath the house), the construction system was made by measuring the water’s rise height and the height of the owner of the house to prevent the water floods until the limit of the upper floor. In the dry season, the underneath space of the house is functioned as a resting place on the daytime, boats’ storage room, fishermen’s tool, farming equipments and a place to make business. The house walls structure in the middle space were made flexible with built up system to make the clearance easy and for safety for goods mobilization during the floods. Whereas the upper space structure (plafond and ceiling, rakkeang) were made with structure material as strong as the bottom floor as it were used for temporary dwelling place when the height of the water  (in the floods) reached the stilts house body.

Keywords: Buginese’s Settlement Structure, Flood Sensitive